Impact of higher levels of bio components in transport fuels

Vivid undertook this study into the economic and environmental analysis of the impact of increasing limits of the bio-content of petrol and diesel imposed by the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) up to and beyond 2020. In particular, for specific biofuel blends identified in the study, the assessment considers both their positive and negative impacts associated with: air quality and the resultant impact on human health, market capacity, biofuel compatibility and fuel use in existing and future vehicle fleets and possible evolution of automotive technology, the effect of an increase of the bio content in fuel on its overall carbon footprint (Life Cycle Assessment), effect on the refinery sector and distribution of fuels, competitiveness of specific sectors or Member State fuel industry, and any impact on the current market shares of the fuel mix (diesel vs petrol) and possible induced changes in Europe. The findings of this work will input to the Commission when considering implications of increasing the bio-content level in transport fuels.

Date: July 2017


European Commission


Oil & Gas
Transport & Logistics


Market Design & Economic Regulation