Penny is completing her PhD at the Institute of New Economic Thinking at Oxford University. Her research is focussed on analysing productive capabilities within socio-economic systems. She is investigating long-run regional development dynamics in the US, green development pathways across countries and job transitions in the US labour market. Her other research interests include agent based modelling, sustainable development and the balance between technological and moral progress.
At Vivid, Penny has worked with a number of government agencies and development organisations including the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development and the UK Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. Previously, Penny worked as an economist in Australia, where she predominantly focussed on issues relating to energy resources and climate change.